Job creation is not keeping pace with the rapidly growing population. Kyrgyz Republic’s potential workforce is growing at about 2 percent per annum – faster than some of its neighbors in Europe and Central Asia. Fertility rates in Kyrgyz Republic have increased since 2000, from 2.4 to 3.2 in 2014. An estimated 50,000 new entrants join the labor market each year. By 2030, the working-age population is expected to reach around 4.6 million persons. Acknowledging the challenging economic and political environment in the Kyrgyz Republic, the report offers realistic policy recommendations for addressing some of the most critical issues to improving jobs outcomes in the short run while noting that some policies will take time to develop and implement.